Synergy Health Partners

Achilles Tendon Injury

Overview of Achilles Tendon Injury

Definition: An Achilles tendon injury involves damage to the tendon connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone, crucial for walking, running, and jumping.


  1. Achilles Tendinitis: Inflammation due to overuse, often causing pain and swelling.
  2. Achilles Tendon Rupture: A partial or complete tear, usually resulting from a sudden, forceful movement.


  • Pain and stiffness along the Achilles tendon
  • Swelling
  • Difficulty walking or standing on tiptoe
  • Sudden, sharp pain (in case of rupture)


  • Overuse from repetitive activities
  • Sudden increase in physical activity
  • Tight calf muscles
  • Improper footwear

Diagnosis: Physical examination, patient history, and imaging tests such as MRI or ultrasound.


  • Rest and ice
  • Physical therapy
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Orthotic devices
  • Surgery (for severe ruptures)

Prognosis: Most Achilles tendon injuries can heal with proper treatment, though severe ruptures may require surgery and extensive rehabilitation.